HOME REMEDIES FOR DENTAL PROBLEMS
Dr. Hemang Zala (MDS)
Do you or your family member have dental pain during quarantine?
Are you having dental discomfort in yourself, but want to stay inside as recommended by health officials?
While in this difficult and uncertain time, there are common dental problems and some home remedies worth considering reducing any discomfort you may experience. Once the quarantine period is over, call your dentist as soon as possible to schedule an appointment!
1. Teeth sensitivity:
In case of mild sensitivity on eating hot or cold food, you can apply desensitizing toothpaste over the affected surface and gently rub with finger for at least 2-3 minutes and then rinse with water. If symptoms does not aggravate, repeat the procedure as per requirement.
In case of moderate to severe sensitivity, you can start using desensitizing toothpaste along with taking painkiller.
2. Mouth ulcers:
Ulcers usually take a few days to heal, but for faster recovery follow these steps:
- Avoid spicy and sour foods until the ulcers heal.
- Drink plenty of fluid (water) and take vitamin C rich food.
- Regularly rinse your mouth with warm and slightly salted water.
- Apply topical anesthetic gel or ghee or any edible oil on ulcers.
- Take pain-relieving medication if required, such as Paracetamol.
- Sometimes multivitamin tablets can be helpful.
3. Swollen and bleeding gums:
Bleeding gums is sign of gum inflammation mostly associated with redness, swelling, and tenderness. Such disease can occur from inadequate plaque removal.
Practice good oral hygiene by brushing twice or thrice daily, and flossing after every meal.
Avoid vigorous pressure with toothbrush, which can cause gum injury.
Salt water is natural disinfectant, cleansing, anti inflammatory and antiseptic properties, that is why it is helpful in bleeding gums. To create a salt water rinse, combine 1teaspoon of salt and one glass of lukewarm water. Use it as mouthwash (i.e. swishing the mixture in your mouth for up to one minute)
Alternatively use of antiseptic beta dines /Chlorhexidine mouthwash for gargling at least thrice times which is maximum for 2 weeks.
Increase intake of vitamin C rich food.
4. Gums inflammation around wisdom tooth:
Your wisdom tooth (third molar) usually starts to erupt (enter your mouth) during late adolescence. Sometimes, there’s not enough space for them, and they come out partially or not at all. This condition can lead to pericoronitis, inflammation of the tissue surrounding the tooth. When only part of the tooth has erupted into the mouth, it can create a flap of gum tissue that easily holds food particles and debris and is a hotbed for bacteria. Pain can migrate to other teeth, ear and head portion of same side.
To reduce inflammation of gums, you should practice good oral hygiene habits like gargle with salt water frequently, brushing twice daily, and massage on inflamed gums with antiseptic gel. Avoid hot water gargle as it can increase swelling.
Avoid hard food from problem site.
In case of severe pain, contact your dentist.
5. Dental cavities/ food lodgment:
Dental cavities, or caries, are tiny holes in the hard surface of the teeth.
There are more chances of cavities in:
- cracks, pits, and grooves in the teeth
- contact area between two teeth
- around any fillings, particularly when they are chipped or broken
- tooth surface difficult to clean
Generally all cavities require professional treatment. Here are some ways to prevent cavities:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride-containing toothpaste. Preferably, brush after each meal and especially before going to bed.
- Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss or interdentally brushes.
- Avoid sticky food/chocolates/candies which are difficult to clean.
- Eat nutritious and balanced meals and limit snacks. Avoid carbohydrates such as candy, chocolates and chips, which can remain on the tooth surface. If sticky foods are eaten, brush your teeth soon afterwards.
Sometimes deep cavities are painful- try clove oil.
Clove oil is used to treat dental pain throughout human history; clove oil can reduce inflammation and temporary numb oral pain. It also contains eugenol, a natural antiseptic that can sterilize oral infection. To treat a toothache, apply a small amount of the oil onto a clean cotton ball and dab it to the affected area. You can dilute the clove oil with a few drops of water or add carrier oil if it seems too potent.
6. Crown/Bridge dislodge:
- Clean your crown/bridge with brush and paste, wipe it with tissue and put safely in small box. Once the dental clinic starts, your dentist can evaluate and might fix same crown/bridge back to its original place.
- Keep area clean and try to brush after every meal.
- If the teeth are sensitive beneath then try above mentioned methods.
SAFE MEDICINIES FOR PAIN RELIEF:
- For mild to moderate pain- tab PARACETAMOL 500 MG(DOLO 500)
Up to three times a day for 3-5 days
- For severe pain or swelling- tab PARACETAMOL 650MG(DOLO650)
Up to three times a day for 3-5 days.
Homemade saline mouth rinse as described above is good for gargle.
Avoid taking any other medicines without consulting your dentist or doctor.
This is just guidelines, it is not intended to constitute or be a substitute for professional medical advice or counseling.